located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile approximately 40 kilometres south of
. It is known chiefly for several pyramids, two of which are among the oldest, largest and best preserved in Cairo . Egypt
The Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid were constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Snofru (2613-2589 BCE), father of Khufu of the
Old Kingdom. The shape of the Bent Pyramid is unique, and represents a transitional pyramid form believed to have been the result of an engineering crisis encountered during its construction. The Red Pyramid is the world's first true smooth-sided pyramid.
The pyramid of the 12th Dynasty king Amenemhat II (1929-1895 BCE) is now badly damaged. Next to it were found several undisturbed tombs of royal women still containing a large amount of jewellery. The pyramid of Sesostris III was part of a huge complex with several smaller pyramids of royal women along with another pyramid to the south. In a gallery tomb next to this pyramid were found two treasures of the king's daughters (Sithathor). The Black Pyramid dates from the later reign of Amenemhat III and although badly eroded it remains the most imposing monument at the site after the two Sneferu pyramids. The polished granite pyramidion or capstone of the Black Pyramid is on display in the main hall of the
Egyptian Museum in . Next to the pyramid was found the partly disturbed tomb of 13th Dynasty king Hor and the undisturbed burial place of Nubhetepti-khered, possibly his daughter. Cairo
There are several other pyramids of the 13th Dynasty at Dahshur. Only the one of Ameny Qemau has been excavated so far. Ahmad Fakhri was an archaeologist who worked at this site.
Extensive cemeteries of officials of the
Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom have been found around Dahshur's pyramids. Dahshur was 's royal necropolis during the reign of the 12th Dynasty king Amenemhat II. Egypt