Two nature reserves are located within the boundaries of the park, Bayuvi Dupki-Dzhindzhiritsa, one of the oldest in the country, and Yulen.
A separate park administration was established in 1979 with its seat in Bansko. The park was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, and after a protected areas law was approved in 1998, the area was proclaimed a national park, embracing a territory of 403.32 km2 (155.72 sq mi).
The huge relief diversity of the park is the reason for the variety of plant species on its territory, making it one of the most botanically interesting areas in
. General examination of Pirin's flora have been conducted at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Bulgaria
About 1300 species of higher plant species can be observed within the park, which constitute more than 30% of all higher plants on the
. Besides this, about 300 moss species and a large amount of algae have been determined. territory of Bulgaria
The park is a home to 18 local endemic species, 15 Bulgarian and many Balkan endemic and a large quantity of preserved species, such as the Edelweiss, a symbol of Pirin. The total number of preserved species is about 60, whereas 126 are listed in the Bulgarian Red Book of Endangered Species.
Three plant belts are differentiated within the
, a forest one, a subalpine one and an alpine one, which is due to the relatively high location of the entire park. Pirin National Park
A huge number of animal species are preserved in the park, a cause of the relief diversity and southernly location.
About 2090 species and subspecies of invertrebrata are to be seen in the park, among them 300 rare species, 214 endemic and 175 relicts, as well as 15 that were included in international endangered species lists.
A total of 6 fish species inhabit the park, which constitute 6% of the whole freshwater fish species of
, whereas 8 amphibian and 11 reptile species live within the protected area. Bulgaria
The number of bird species that can be seen in the park is particularly large — about 160, 40% of all bird species in
There are 45 terrestrial mammals (including 12 bat species) that inhabit the
, which is 50% of the total number in the country. Among them are the Wild Goat, a Balkan endemyte, and the Brown Bear. Pirin National Park